A lot of my cycling activities are centered around the childhood of Jeanne d’Arc. The Meuse valley. This area of France is a topographical puzzle. The borders intertwine in strange ways, you are never sure where you are – it is Meuse of Vosges?
The most eastern province in the medieval France, where the locals were ruled by a complex vassal system where your lord was a servant of a greater Lord who in his turn would be in a relationship with another power.
Both the church and civilian branches played their roles. And the areas of their authority did not match. For example, Jeanne had to report to Toul, where the ecclesiastical court was held, as a defendant in the case that was brought against her by a man from Neufchateau, which was technically in a different “county”.
The man sued her for a broken marriage promise. In Toul, Jeanne argued her case before the judges and the charge was dismissed.
The Holy Roman Empire was just to the east (and it’s borders were always changing). France was to the west. Was Jeanne even French?
Gold Beach (UK / Canada)
British kids on a field trip
One of the two machine guns on the Higgins boat
The Higgins Landing Boat at Utah Beach (donated by the Higgins family)
One minute, don’t talk, don’t read, no photos…. Just look and feel
Horses vs bicycles
The cliffs of Sant Malo
Camping is how I travel. Craft ciders from Normandy.
Eventually, despite the camp showers, you get uncomfortably unclean. Then you know you need a real hotel.
An anniversary: 30 May 1431, the English burn Jeanne d’Arc in Rouen
Go take your sister then by her hand
Lead her away from this foreign land
Far away where we might laugh again
We are leaving you don’t need us
13 May 2017
This 15th century château was built on the site of a Roman fortress of which only a fortified gateway remains. Protected by a large moat, the château consists of an enclosure wall flanked by two towers, a small fortified castle entrance, a dwelling and a chapel with stone flags.
Jeanne d’Arc has never been here. However, there is a link. Château-Guillaume is said to have been founded by Guillaume X, duke of Aquitaine, father of Alienor of Aquitaine (1137-1152).
The legend says that Alienor was born right here, at Château-Guillaume.
It is her marriage to Henry, Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy that gave roots to the 100 Years War.
Two years after the wedding Henry and Alienor were crowned as King and Queen of England.
Alienor was also a Queen of France. It was a legal ground for the English to claim France as its domain. (The claim was legally dismissed only in 1789 after the French Revolution abolished the monarchy.)
Meanwhile, the 100 Years’ War was in full swing when Jeanne was born in 1412. By 1428 France had lost half of its territory and, aside from Scotland, had no allies. The situation was desperate when, at 13, she started hearing her “voix”.
At 16, following the call, she left her home in Domremy and crossed France to meet Dophin Charles at Chinon. The rest is history.
When the English burned her in Rouen she was still a teenager.